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[tor-talk] Fwd: [P2P-F] cfp - The Social Productivity of Anonymity

-------- Forwarded Message --------
Subject: 	[P2P-F] cfp - The Social Productivity of Anonymity
Date: 	Tue, 11 Nov 2014 23:33:22 +0000
From: 	Andreas Wittel <andreas.wittel@xxxxxxxxx>
Reply-To: 	P2P Foundation mailing list <p2p-foundation@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
To: 	P2P Foundation mailing list <p2p-foundation@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Call for papers for an /ephemera /special issue on:

  The social productivity of anonymity

*Issue Editors: *GÃtz Bachmann and Andreas Wittel

Anonymity is deeply tied to the European values of liberty, equality and
fraternity. Concealing oneâs identity can enable freedom (as in the
anonymity of speech), support equality (e.g. in anonymous application
procedures), and provide the basis for non-reciprocal relationships as
expressed in the value of brotherhood (e.g. asking a stranger for
directions). It is capable of traversing cultural differences and is
essential for many contemporary forms of sharing, communality and
collaboration (e.g. commons based peer production such as Wikipedia
entries and open-source software). However, it is also contested and,
indeed, under threat: networked databases, biometric identification and
surveillance technologies such as CCTV are matched by discourses that
condemn anonymity and celebrate transparency and openness. Legal,
technological and moral imperatives towards transparency contribute to a
process in which anonymity is increasingly under attack. As a
consequence, the âend of anonymityâ has been declared in public
discourses, not only since the revelations of Edward Snowden. However,
this claim deserves to be scrutinised a bit further.

Using a more analytical perspective, it becomes apparent that anonymity
constitutes a specific form of social relation in which potentially
identifying markers of individuality and difference are dissociated from
specific individuals and collectives. This has the effect of creating
situational, relational and partial forms of unknowability,
invisibility, and untrackability (Nissenbaum, 1999; Ponesse, 2013). As
contemporary societies are increasingly based on networked
infrastructures we face new questions of how information, property and
people can be disconnected. This holds true with regard to phenomena
such as the international activist network Anonymous, internet-based
communication, and forms of âalgorithmic anonymityâ (Rossiter and Zehle,
2014). The social, moral, and legal significance of anonymity is also
reflected in such controversial domains as baby drop-off boxes and
anonymous births, the anonymous donation of organs, gametes, and blood,
as well as peer reviewing and application procedures.

Research into current transformations of anonymity at the intersections
of technologies/infrastructures and politics is surprisingly thin.
Empirical scholarship is fragmented and theoretical conceptualizations
are rare (Nissenbaum, 1999; Frois, 2009; Wiedemann, 2012; Ponesse,
2013). With a perspective on everyday social and cultural practices
future research will be able to build on a number of ethnographies such
as Konradâs work on egg donation (2005), Copemanâs comparative inquiries
into blood donation (2009), Froisâ exploration of anonymity in self-help
groups (2009), Lockâs ethnography of organ transplantation (2002), and
Colemanâs study of hackers who operate under the Anonymous label (2010,
2013). While these studies provide some methodological and theoretical
groundwork, none of them has addressed anonymity in its full complexity,
nor have they linked constellations of anonymity regimes across
different case studies.

To collect insights into the ways in which anonymity is modified,
maintained or abandoned in contemporary online-offline worlds, this
special issue will combine three areas of research into anonymity: (1)
research into technologies and infrastructures of information,
communication, surveillance and identification; (2) research into the
regulation, ethics and politics of anonymity; and (3) research into the
everyday practices of anonymity ranging from sperm donation to social
media, from peer review to police work, from political mobilisation to
self-help groups.

While anonymity is a deeply ambivalent social form we are particularly
interested in contributions that defend anonymous interactions. Can we
develop a concept of anonymity that emphasises its cultural and
political values and its social productivity? Can we demonstrate that
anonymity enhances, enriches and strengthens the social?

We welcome contributions from a wide range of disciplines, looking for


    Enquiries into the technical dimensions of anonymity: What forms of
    standards, protocols, software designs, technologies and aesthetics
    are shaping anonymity? How are they designed, decided upon,
    regulated and changed?


    Ethnographic case studies into local formations of anonymity,
    especially those that connect online-based forms of anonymity with
    offline practices.


    Case studies on the macro and micro-politics of anonymity,
    especially when anonymity becomes problematic. What undermines
    anonymity in specific settings, who develops strategies in its
    defence and to what aim?


    Research into activist tactics and strategies for enabling
    anonymity, and attempts to raise the public socio-technical literacy
    with regard to managing identifying information (for example


    Research into the legal, moral or ethical principles and
    (historical) discourses, and how they are enacted, reflected,
    criticized or recreated by heterogeneous actors while doing/undoing


    Theoretical and empirical articles on the properties of anonymity,
    such as blockages of tracing identification, continuities between
    past and present and the prevention of reciprocity, and anonymityâs
    duration, (non-)reversibility and dynamics.


    Theoretical and empirical articles on ways in which anonymity
    connects to concepts and practices of the person, the self, the
    social, of private/public constellations, of statehood, property and
    the commons.


Potential contributors are asked to write an extended abstract (between
500 and 1000 words). Abstracts should be sent to both editors
(goetz.bachmann [at] leuphana.de <http://leuphana.de> and andreas.wittel
[at] gmail.com <http://gmail.com>). The deadline for the submission of
abstracts is *15 January 2015*. Notification of acceptance of abstracts
will be 1 March 2015, and the deadline for the submission of full papers
is *30 September 2015*. Please note that three categories of
contributions are invited for the special issue: articles, notes, and
reviews. All submissions should follow /ephemera/âs submissions
guidelines (*MailScanner has detected a possible fraud attempt from
"www.ephemeraweb.org" claiming to be* www.ephemerajournal.org/how-submit
<http://www.ephemeraweb.org/journal/submit.htm>). Articles will undergo
a double blind review process.


Bauman, Z. (2011) âIs this the end of anonymity? From microdrones to the
internet, technology is invading the private sphere â with our
encouragementâ, /The Guardian/, 28 June.

Coleman, E. G. (2010) âWhat itâs like to participate in Anonymous
actionsâ, /The Atlantic/, December.

Coleman, E. G. (2013) âAnonymous and the politics of leakingâ, in B.
Brevini /et.al <http://et.al>./ (eds.) /Beyond WikiLeaks: Implications
for the future of communications, journalism & society/. Basingstoke:
Palgrave Macmillan.

Copeman, J. (2009) âIntroduction: Blood donation, bioeconomy, cultureâ,
/Body & Society/,//15 (2): 1-28.

Frois, C. (2009) /The anonymous society: Identity, transformation and
anonymity in 12 steps./ Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Fuchs, C. (2009) /Social networking sites and the surveillance society.
A critical case study of the usage of studiVZ, Facebook, and MySpace by
students in Salzburg in the context of electronic surveillance/.
Salzburg / Vienna: Research Group UTI.

Hirschauer, S. (2004) âPeer-Review-Verfahren auf dem PrÃfstand. Zum
Soziologiedefizit der Wissenschaftsevaluationâ,/Zeitschrift fÃr
Soziologie/,//33 (1): 62-83.

Kerr, I., V. M. Steeves and C. Lucock (eds.) (2009) /Lessons from the
identity trail. Anonymity, pseudonymity, and identity in a networked
society/. Oxford / New York City: Oxford University Press.

Konrad, M. (2005) /Nameless relations. Anonymity, melanesia, and
reproductive gift exchange between British ova donors and recipients/.
New York: Berghahn.

Levin, T. Y., and P. Weibel (eds.) (2002) /CTRL [SPACE]: Rhetorics of
surveillance from Bentham to Big Brother/. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Lock, M. (2001) /Twice dead. Organ transplants and the reinvention of
death/. Oakland: University of California Press.

Marx, G. T. (1999) âWhatâs in a name? Some reflections on the sociology
of anonymityâ, /The Information Society/, 15 (2): 99-112.

Nissenbaum, H. (1999) âThe meaning of anonymity in an information ageâ,
/The Information Society/, 15(2) 141-144.

Ponesse, J. (2013) âNavigating the unknown: Towards a positive
conception of anonymityâ, /The Southern Journal of Philosophy/, 51 (3):

Rossiter, N. and S. Zehle (2014) âToward a politics of anonymity:
Algorithmic actors in the constitution of collective agency and the
implications for global economic justice movementsâ, in M. Parker, G.
Cheney, V. Fournier & C. Land (eds.) /Routledge companion to alternative
organizatio//n/. London: Routledge.

Wiedemann, C. (2012) âIrrepresentable collectivity. Anonymous and the
technologies of the commonâ, in G. Cox and C. U. Andersen (eds.) /World
of the news/. Aarhus: Digital Aesthetics Research Centre, Aarhus University.

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