[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

RE: [pygame] How to rotate a rect

```
This is what I get for not reading your post (and my own) carefully -
nothing's worse than an overly-pedantic post that's also wrong...
The line I proposed with "*" in place of your "+" is garbage.

The Euclidian solution should be:

limitsize = object1.size1 + object2.size2 # /2 depends on radius vs.
diameter...
limitsize *= limitsize
distsquared = (object2.x - object1.x)**2 + (object2.y - object1.y)**2
if distsquared <= limitsize:
# Boom!

(Of course, remove line 2 and add a sqrt to distsquared if you really want
to know how many pixels the centers are from each other.)
This gives the "real" (spherical) distance, and also takes care of abs(),
which I beleive you'd need to add to the Manhatan equation.

The Manhattan version (useful in the days when you couldn't mult/div/sqrt
very fast, but now inferior) would be:

limitsize = object1.size1 + object2.size2 # /2 depends on radius vs.
diameter...
# optional inflation fudge-factor to average out shrunken corners
# (there's probably a real # that can be found by someone smarter than me)
# limitsize *= 1.1
distsquared = abs(object2.x - object1.x) + abs(object2.y - object1.y)
if distsquared <= limitsize:
# Boom!

Of course, I'm sure you all know all this basic crap already - but I thought
better to correct my own screw-up.
(And now I see that given that you named the variable "distsquared" and you
squard limitsize, it was probably just a typo in the first place to omit the
**2, so Manhattan nor any other bourough of NYC was ever intended... Arg.)

m

-----Original Message-----
From: owner-pygame-users@seul.org [mailto:owner-pygame-users@seul.org]On
Behalf Of Michael Robin
Sent: Friday, June 29, 2001 9:02 PM
To: pygame-users@seul.org
Subject: RE: [pygame] How to rotate a rect

I think what you described is usually called the Manhattan distance.
(Basically because your measuring the "number of blocks" between objects.)

You're right that you don't necessarily need a Sqrt at the end as you would
for a real Euclidean distance, seeing we just want a relative measure, but I
think you want:
...
distsquared = (object2.x - object1.x) * (object2.y - object1.y) # times
instead of plus
...

for your "squared distance".

Manhattan distance may work okay too, but the bounding box for collisions
will be kind of like a round diamond shape. (It will be smaller at the
diagnals.) Adding the "*" will make the collision area circular as you
suggest.

In all cases above your just picking a point in your box and not really
looking at the orientation of the rotated rect.
One way to do that would be to write similar fn's to Rect's collision
detection methods, but for generalized polygons.

mike

-----Original Message-----
From: owner-pygame-users@seul.org [mailto:owner-pygame-users@seul.org]On
Behalf Of Paul Sidorsky
Sent: Friday, June 29, 2001 8:43 PM
To: pygame-users@seul.org
Subject: Re: [pygame] How to rotate a rect

Leonardo Santagada wrote:

> Making the box is not the problem but how to make fast collision
detection?

This may not be suitable for your situation but I'll describe it anyhow
since I haven't seen it mentioned yet:

Give each object a radius or size and then use the distance formula.  If
the distance between two objects is less than the combined radiuses (or
half the combined sizes) of the objects, they collide.  To avoid
floating point, use the squared distance.  Here's pseudo code:

limitsize = (object1.size1 + object2.size2) / 2
limitsize *= limitsize
distsquared = (object2.x - object1.x) + (object2.y - object1.y)
if distsquared <= limitsize:
# Boom!

This works great for spherical objects and can work for others if you
don't need 100% precision.  The inaccuracy increases as the sizes get
larger.  I'm not sure how practical this method is in "real" games since
I've only tried it on a small scale, but it might be worth a shot.

--
======================================================================
Paul Sidorsky                                          Calgary, Canada
paulsid@home.com                      http://members.home.net/paulsid/
____________________________________
pygame mailing list
pygame-users@seul.org
http://pygame.seul.org

_________________________________________________________
Do You Yahoo!?
Get your free @yahoo.com address at http://mail.yahoo.com

____________________________________
pygame mailing list
pygame-users@seul.org
http://pygame.seul.org

_________________________________________________________
Do You Yahoo!?
Get your free @yahoo.com address at http://mail.yahoo.com

____________________________________
pygame mailing list
pygame-users@seul.org
http://pygame.seul.org
```