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[tor-talk] New report on South Sudan: Measuring Internet Censorship in the World's Youngest Nation


Today, OONI and South Sudan's The Advocates for Human Rights and
Democracy (TAHURID) published a joint report examining internet
censorship in South Sudan.

Our research report is available here:

Established in July 2011, South Sudan is the world's youngest nation.
The country though is in turmoil in light of ongoing civil war.

OONI and TAHURID joined forces to measure internet censorship locally,
particularly following local reports on the blocking of media outlets.

OONI data corroborates these reports, showing the blocking of media
outlets Sudan Tribune and Radio Tamazuj, and of Nyamilepedia and
Paanluel Wel, the leading blogs of the Nuer and Dinka tribes.

MTN (AS37594) appears to block TCP/IP connections to these sites, while
IPTEC (AS36892) blocks access by means of DNS tampering.

We also detected the presence of the Mikrotik HTTP transparent proxy
through measurements collected in 2017 from South Sudan's 4G Telecom
(AS327786) network. This proxy though is more likely being used to
improve connectivity and network performance, than to implement internet

Based on our testing, internet censorship in South Sudan does not appear
to be pervasive, but limited to sites that authorities deem to publish
"subversive content" and incite violence. Locals report that the media
operate in a state of fear, and most forms of censorship are currently
non-digital (involving the intimidation, jailing, and killing of
journalists). Self-censorship may therefore be one of the most effective
forms of censorship in South Sudan today.

That said, the fact that South Sudan has already started implementing
internet censorship raises questions as to whether its internet
censorship apparatus will expand as internet penetration levels increase
and political events unfold.

Our study shares some initial observations based on OONI network
measurements. If you're interested in expanding upon this research, you
can do so through the use of OONI Probe
(https://ooni.torproject.org/install/) and OONI data

Please share this study with your contacts:

Thanks for reading!



Maria Xynou
Research & Partnerships Director
Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI)
PGP Key Fingerprint: 2DC8 AFB6 CA11 B552 1081 FBDE 2131 B3BE 70CA 417E

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